Peel Oil Components of Clementine Mandarin on Different Rootstocks

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Horticulture, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

2 Iran Citrus Research Institute, Ramsar, Iran


The aim of this research is to identify rootstock that can synthesize the maximum level of oxygenated compounds. Peel oil was extracted using mechanical presses and eluted using n-hexane. Finally compounds were analyzed using GC-FID and GC-MS. Twenty-four, Twenty-seven and twenty-six compounds were identified in Trifoliate orange, Orlando tangelo and Murcott rootstocks, respectively Limonene (% 92.55 to 93.09) and myrcene (%1.59 to %1.70) were the main compounds. Among the three rootstocks studied, Orlando tangelo demonstrated the maximum level of oxygenated compounds. As a result of our research, we can express that the rootstocks can affect the amount of oxygenated compounds.


[1] Sawamura, M., (2010), “Citrus Essential Oils: Flavor and Fragrance,” John Wiley & Sons, USA.
[2] Babazadeh- Darjazi , B., Rustaiyan, A., Talaei , A., Khalighi, A., Larijani, K., Golein, B. and Taghizad, R., (2009), “ The Effects of Rootstock on the Volatile Flavor Components of Page Mandarin Juice and Peel,” Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 28 (2) , pp 99-111.
[3] Lota, M.L., Serra, D., Tomi, F. and Casanova, J., (2001), “ Chemical Variability of Peel and Leaf Essential Oils of 15 Species of Mandarins,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 29(1), pp 77-104.
[4] Buettner, A., Mestres, M., Fischer, A., Guasch, J. and Schieberie, P., (2003), “Evaluation of the Most Odor-Active Compounds in the Peel oil of Clementines (Citrus reticulate blanco cv. Clementine) ,” European Food Research and Technology, 216, pp 11-14.
[5] Alissandrakis, E., Daferera, D., Tarantilis, P.A., Polissiou, M. and Harizanis, P.C., (2003), “ Ultrasound Assisted Extraction of Volatile Compounds From Citrus Flowers and Citrus Honey,” Food Chemistry, 82(4), pp 575-582.
[6] Kite, G., Reynolds, T. and Prance, T., (1991), “Potential Pollinator –Attracting Chemicals From Victoria (Nymphaeaceae) ,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 19(7) , pp 535-539.
[7] Adams, R.P., (2001), “ Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography / Mass Spectrometry,” Allured Publishing Corporation, Carol Stream, Illinois, USA.
[8] Hay, R.K.M. and Waterman, P., (1995), “ Volatile Oil Crops; Their Biology, Biochemistry, and Production,” Wiley-Blackwell, USA.