Document Type : Original Article
Lecturer of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Taj Institute of Higher Education
Lecturer of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Balkh University
Lecturer of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Balkh University
The present study investigating the incidence of anemia in children in orphanage Balkh province in Afghanistan. In order to determine the status of blood parameters of hematology indices, a complete blood cell count was conducted in the laboratory of Hayat Al-Nisa Private Hospital which is funded by Taj Institute of Higher Education.
This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from 2021/01/09 to 2021/03/05 on 75 children between the ages of 6 to 18 years. After obtaining the consent of the orphanage directorate, in order to determine the status of blood parameters and hematology indices, the amount of 3ml of intravenous blood was taken using a disposable syringe. It was placed in tubes containing EDTA. The collected blood samples were sent to the laboratory of Hayat Al-Nisa Hospital on the same day for CBC tests. Finally, data was analyzed by SPSS 26 software.
Out of 75 children ,15 had anemia. The degree of anemia varies from mild to moderate. 9 children had a hemoglobin of between 11 and 11.9 gr/dl, 2 children had a hemoglobin of 12 gr/dl, and 4 children had moderate anemia, and their hemoglobin ranged from 9.5 to 10.9 gr/dl. The total incidence of anemia was 20%.