Fuel Cell Systems and Developments in Control Abilities

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Golestan, Iran

Abstract

Due to the oil depletion as well as air pollution, new and renewable energies are a highly considered subject in studies and experiments of few recent decades. Among various renewable energy sources, are most noticed due to led environmental pollution and high efficiency. Clearly, the optimal performance of the system depends on the type of the applied controller. This study reviews control techniques used for fuel cell systems. The results of applying different controllers on the system are studied then better control techniques are introduced. The problems involved in fuel cell systems as well as the advantages and disadvantages of different applied control techniques are specified.

Keywords


Almeida, EM P, Simoes, 2005. Neural optimal control of PEM fuel cells with parametric CMAC networks. Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on. 41(1): 237-245.

Bordons C, Arce A, Del Real A, 2006. Constrained predictive control strategies for PEM fuel cells. Paper presented at the American Control Conference.

Chowdhury S, Crossley P, 2009. Microgrids and active distribution networks: The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Dávila A, Moreno J.A, Fridman L, 2010. Variable gains super-twisting algorithm: a Lyapunov based design. sign (s). 3, 2.

Evangelista C, Puleston P, Kunusch C, 2014. Feasibility study of variable gain Super-Twisting control in fuel cells based systems. Paper presented at the Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2014 13th International Workshop on.

Evangelista C, Puleston P, Valenciaga F, Dávila A, 2010. Variable gains super-twisting control for wind energy conversion optimization. Paper presented at the Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2010 11th International Workshop on.

Evangelista C, Puleston P, Valenciaga F, Fridman L.M, 2013. Lyapunov-designed super-twisting sliding mode control for wind energy conversion optimization. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on. 60(2): 538-545.

Garcia-Gabin W, Dorado F, Bordons C, 2010. Real-time implementation of a sliding mode controller for air supply on a PEM fuel cell. Journal of process control. 20(3): 325-336.

Gonzalez T, Moreno J. A, Fridman L, 2012. Variable gain super-twisting sliding mode control. Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on. 57(8): 2100-2105.

Gruber J, Doll M, Bordons C, 2009. Design and experimental validation of a constrained MPC for the air feed of a fuel cell. Control Engineering Practice. 17(8): 874-885.

Gruber J. K, Bordons C, Dorado F, 2008. Nonlinear control of the air feed of a fuel cell. Paper presented at the American Control Conference.

Grujicic, M, Chittajallu K, Pukrushpan J, 2004. Control of the transient behaviour of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell systems. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering. 218(11): 1239-1250.

Harmouche M, Matraji I, Laghrouche S, El-Bagdouri M, 2012. Homogeneous higher order sliding mode control for PEM fuel cell. Paper presented at the Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2012 12th International Workshop on.

Kunusch C, Puleston P. F, Mayosky M. A, Dávila A, 2010. Efficiency optimisation of an experimental PEM fuel cell system via super twisting control. Paper presented at the Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2010 11th International Workshop on.

Kunusch C, Puleston P. F, Mayosky M. A, Fridman L, 2013. Experimental results applying second order sliding mode control to a PEM fuel cell based system. Control Engineering Practice. 21(5): 719-726.

Li Q, Chen W, Wang Y, Jia J, Han M, 2009. Nonlinear robust control of proton exchange membrane fuel cell by state feedback exact linearization. Journal of Power Sources. 194(1): 338-348.

Liu J, Laghrouche S, Wack M, 2013. Differential flatness-based observer design for a PEM fuel cell using adaptive-gain sliding mode differentiators. Paper presented at the Control Conference (ECC), 2013 European.

Matraji I, Ahmed F. S, Laghrouche S, Wack M, 2012. Extremum seeking control for net power output maximization of a PEM fuel cell using second order sliding mode. Paper presented at the Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2012 12th International Workshop on.

Matraji I, Laghrouche S, Wack  M, 2011. Cascade control of the moto-compressor of a PEM fuel cell via second order sliding mode. Paper presented at the Decision and Control and European Control Conference (CDC-ECC), 2011 50th IEEE Conference on.

Moreno J. A, 2012. Lyapunov approach for analysis and design of second order sliding mode algorithms Sliding Modes after the first decade of the 21st Century (pp. 113-149): Springer.

Na W. K, Gou B, 2008. Feedback-linearization-based nonlinear control for PEM fuel cells. Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on. 23(1): 179-190.

Pukrushpan J. T, Stefanopoulou A. G, Peng H, 2004a. Control of fuel cell breathing. Control Systems, IEEE. 24(2): 30-46.

Pukrushpan J. T, Stefanopoulou A. G, Peng H, 2004b. Control of fuel cell power systems: principles, modeling, analysis and feedback design: Springer.

Slotine J-J E, Li W, 1991. Applied nonlinear control (Vol. 199): Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Talj R, Hilairet M, Ortega R, 2009. Second order sliding mode control of the moto-compressor of a PEM fuel cell air feeding system, with experimental validation. Paper presented at the Industrial Electronics, 2009. IECON'09. 35th Annual Conference of IEEE.

Talj R, Hissel D, Ortega R, Becherif M, Hilairet M, 2009. A reduced-order model and a higher-order sliding-mode control of the air supply system of a proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell with experimental validation. Paper presented at the Advanced Electromechanical Motion Systems & Electric Drives Joint Symposium, 2009. ELECTROMOTION 2009. 8th International Symposium on.

Talj R. J, Hissel D, Ortega R, Becherif M, Hilairet M, 2010. Experimental validation of a PEM fuel-cell reduced-order model and a moto-compressor higher order sliding-mode control. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on. 57(6): 1906-1913.

Zenith F,  Skogestad S, 2007. Control of fuel cell power output. Journal of process control. 17(4): 333-347.

 

Amir Yaghoubi Nezhad, S. H., Atefeh Mehrabi Far, Masoumeh Piryaei, Seyed Mojtaba Mostafavi. (2019). Investigation of Shigella Lipopolysaccharides Effects on Immunity Stimulation of Host Cells. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, Applied Sciences and Technologies, 10, 465.

Ceisil, U. (2018). E-Awareness of University Student through Smart Phones and Developing Social Networks. Journal of Humanities Insights, 02(03), 139-145. doi:10.22034/JHI.2018.70850

Jinadu, O., Oluwafemi, S., Soyinka, M., & Akanfe, K. (2017). Effects of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) on Financial Statements Comparability of Companies. Journal of Humanities Insights, 01(01), 12-16. doi:10.22034/JHI.2017.59551

Mehrabifar, A., & Rahmati, M. (2017). Investigation of Anticancer Effects of Dacarbazine Hydrogel in the Injectable Form and its Release. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 15-21. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60333

Mostafavi, S. M., Bagherzadeh, K., & Amanlou, M. (2017). A new attempt to introduce efficient inhibitors for Caspas-9 according to structure-based Pharmacophore Screening strategy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 1-8. doi:10.22034/mbt.2017.60325

Seyed Mojtaba Mostafavi1, H. M., & Taskhiri, M. S. (2019). In Silico Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Retention Time of Some Organic Compounds on the Modified Carbon Nanotube Capillary Column. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 16(151), 156.

Seyed Mojtaba Mostafavi, A. R., Mina Adibi, Farshid Pashaee, Masoumeh Piryaei. (2011). Modification of Glassy Carbon Electrode by a Simple, Inexpensive and Fast Method Using an Ionic Liquid Based on Immidazolium as Working Electrode in Electrochemical Determination of Some Biological Compounds. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 23(12).

Z. Man, A. G. E., S. M. Mostafavi,, & Surendar, A. (2019). Fuel oil characteristics and applications: economic and technological aspects. Petroleum Science and Technology.