Document Type: Research Paper
Doctoral candidate in nursing education, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Students’ Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Assistant Professor in Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, East Azarbijan, Iran
Objectives:To review the literatures on effective factors on inter professional relationship between nurses and physicians.
Methods: Major data bases (Pub Med, Elsevier of Science, Pro Quest and CINAHL) were systematically searched for all relevant papers. Inclusion criteria were: papers published in english and persian between 2000 and 2012, which present inter professional relations between doctors and nurses based studies focusing on effective factors on collaboration between nurses and physicians. A data abstraction form was developed to summarize each paper.
Results: 19 papers were included in this review. Based on our findings six categories were identified as effective factors on inter professional relationship between nurses and physicians: (1) Gender, (2) Context, (3) Attitude of nurses and physicians, (4) Hospital management and Government policies, (5) Inter professional education and (6) Professional knowledge and skill. Conclusion: This systematic review by describes and analyses international research on nurse– physicians relationships that have undertaken over 12 years, provides a facility for identification effective factors in this field. These results can be used by healthcare managers for improving inter professional collaboration between nurses and physicians. Of course there is still a lack of knowledge concerning in which factor is more important, therefore more research is necessary in this field.